Google My Business (GMB) is one of the best free tools from Google that helps business owners manage their online presence. While having a GMB listing is a great first step to garner some local exposure, Google My Business optimization takes your profile to the next level. It can offer an enormous impacmonit for brands that want to rank in local search. In this article, I’ll cover everything you need to know to get started with Google My Business and make the most of local search in your marketing efforts.

    Why Do You Need Google My Business?

    One of the first places that customers who need your product or service will start looking for solutions is in a Google search. Google reports that 46% of all searches have local intent. That means there are potential consumers in your area who need what you offer. If they’re not finding you in local search results, they’re most likely finding your competitors. Why wouldn’t you make the most of this free opportunity to bring customers directly to your front door?

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    How to Get Started with Google My Business

    If you’re not sure whether you already have a Google My Business listing, the first thing you’ll want to do is run a Google search on your business name to check. If your business has been around for a while, there may already be a GMB listing associated with it. If that’s the case, claiming it is easy.

    How to Find & Claim Your GMB Listing

    One of the easiest ways to claim your business is through Google Maps:

    1. Open Google Maps.
    2. Type your business name into the search bar.
    3. Choose your business from the results.
    4. Click “Claim this business.”
    5. Select a verification option, and follow the steps you see on-screen.

    If your search comes up empty, then it’s time to create your Google My Business profile.

    Set Up Your GMB Profile

    First off, I want to clarify the difference between a Google Business Profile and a Google My Business account. You need a Google My Business account to access your Google Business profile. If you don’t have a GMB account, you’ll want to set that up before going any further.

    Head over to Google My Business and sign in using your business Gmail address. (If you don’t have a Gmail address associated with your business, start there.)

    how to set up your GMB profile

    Complete Every Section of your Google Business Profile

    Fill out your Google Business Profile carefully and thoroughly. The more info you provide in your profile, the better Google can match your business to local search queries, and the more your potential customers can learn about you from your business listing. Make sure all of your information is accurate, and keep it up-to-date.

    A few things to keep in mind:

    1. You’ll want your business name to match your store signage to avoid confusion.
    2. Enter your address exactly as it appears in other places on the web, like your website and social media pages. Google can be particular about inconsistencies that make your business seem less credible.
    3. List your regular and holiday hours. It’s important to be meticulous about indicating changes in your store hours. If your business listing suggests that you’re open on Sundays and a prospective customer shows up to find your doors locked, you’ve not only lost a sale, you’ve lost credibility.

    Write Your “From the Business” Description

    The description that appears just under the name of your business is an editorial summary that Google provides. There’s nothing for you to change here.

    google my business tips

    Further down your listing is the “from the business” section. Here’s the first place you have the opportunity to make an impression.

    google map listing optimization

    How to Optimize Your Google My Business Description:
    1. Use all 750 characters available to you, and load key information in the first 250 characters.
    2. Consider repurposing content from the “About” section of your web page.
    3. Here’s the perfect place to add the keywords your audience might use to find a business like yours.
    4. Talk about what sets you apart from your competitors and what customers like most about your business.
    5. Don’t include links or HTML.

    Choose a Category

    Choosing a business category is an essential part of optimizing your Google Business profile.

    When you choose a category,

    1. You’ll be easier to find in discovery searches. Google will match your category to relevant search queries, so choose carefully. Think “coffee shop,” “restaurant”, “clothing store,” “grocery store.”
    2. Highlight category-specific features. Once you choose a category, Google will automatically present special features specific to that category, such as the ability to include a menu or customer ratings. The more your prospective customers can learn about you from your Google Business listing, the more likely they’ll choose you over the competition.

    Be as specific as Google allows! Google offers more than 4,000 business categories, so keep searching until you find the category that most accurately describes your business.

    Secondary Categories

    If your business falls into more than one category, simply set your primary category to match your main offering (e.g., grocery store) and then choose additional categories that apply, like “organic grocery store,” “grocery delivery service,” etc.

    Select Attributes

    Once you choose a category, Google will list a number of attributes you can select to add more detail to your business description. Attributes are special features that users might be looking for, such as “delivery,” “take-out,” or “free wi-fi.”

    Once you’ve filled out your profile, choose a verification option.

    How to Verify Your Google My Business Listing

    After creating your profile, Google needs to verify your listing. The way they do this is charmingly low-tech. They send a postcard with a verification code to the address listed in your profile. It can take up to five business days to receive it, but Google won’t display your edits until your verification is complete. Once your business is verified, you’ll gain access to insights, analytics, and reviews. You can find out more about the verification process from Google.

    After you’ve verified your business, Google will publish your new or edited profile, and you’re ready to start ranking in local search.

    How Does Google Determine Local Ranking?

    For the most part, Google ranks local listings on three values:

    • Relevance
    • Distance
    • Prominence

    A combination of these Google My Business SEO factors helps Google find the best match for local searches. For example, if Google finds a more relevant business that’s further from a searcher’s location, it might rank that higher than one that’s closer but less relevant to the search query.

    Let’s take a closer look at these local ranking factors to understand how they might impact Google My Business optimization and your small business’ SEO


    Relevance refers to how well a local Business Profile matches what someone is looking for. When you add detailed information to your profile, you’re giving Google more information to match your business to searches it might apply to.


    Distance considers how far each potential result is from the location term used in a search. If a searcher doesn’t specify a location, Google will use what they do know about that searcher’s location to calculate distance.


    Prominence refers to how well-known a business is. Sometimes, Google will take offline factors into account to judge prominence. For instance, famous landmarks, museums, or well-known retailers are likely to appear prominently in local search results.

    Aside from obviously famous locations, Google determines prominence by attributing value to off-site links, articles, or directories. How many Google reviews and Google review scores also factor into local search results. Google will also consider your overall search performance, which is why general SEO best practices are important, even for local businesses.

    How to Improve Your Google My Business Optimization for SEO

    Fortunately, there’s a lot you can do to improve how your business ranks in local search results. What follows are just a few Google My Business SEO tips.

    How to Optimize Google My Business

    1. Find & Fix Duplicate Google My Business Listings

    At Victorious, we think the logical place to start optimizing for local search is to make sure there’s nothing that stands in the way of our customers’ ranking, such as duplicate listings.

    Why Do Duplicate Listings Matter?

    Duplicate Google My Business Listings aren’t, in and of themselves, a negative ranking factor. My primary concern with multiple listings is that they can put you in the position of competing with yourself to be found in local search. In most cases, when there’s a duplicate listing, it’s been neglected and lacks robust information, reviews, and posts. Since Google doesn’t know which one of your multiple listings is the one you want served, it could choose a less manicured listing which impacts how your business is ranked in search and how potential customers perceive the value of your offerings.

    Before plowing ahead to merge duplicate listings, make sure that there aren’t reviews that need to be migrated over to your one, true listing. Google has a valuable tutorial that walks you through how to move reviews across business profiles.

    How to Merge Two Google My Business Listings

    There are different ways to merge two business listings in GMB. To decide how to move forward, you’ll start with which of these categories your business falls into:

    • Storefront
    • Service area business
    • Practitioner
    How to Merge Duplicate GMB Listings for a Storefront

    If your business has a physical location and the duplicate listing has the same address as your preferred listing, there are a few different factors that will impact what you do next.

    Ask yourself these questions:

    1 – Have both of the listings been verified?

    Google cannot merge two verified listings.

    2 – Do you own both listings?

    If you have back-end access to each of the listings, you’ll want to un-verify the listing you no longer want and skip down to question four.

    3 – Are both listings verified, but you only own one?

    If you want to merge a listing that you don’t own, the first thing you’ll want to do is claim ownership over it. Try to claim the duplicate listing. Then Google will direct you on how to get control from the existing owner.

    4 – Is only one listing verified?

    If only one of the duplicate listings is verified, get the URL of each from Google Maps, select the “support” link on the bottom left of your Google My Business dashboard, choose “contact us,” and ask Google to merge the two listings. (Supply the Google Maps URLs you collected.)

    If the duplicate listings have different addresses follow these steps.

    1 – Does the duplicate listing feature a former address of the business?

    Contact Google My Business and ask them to mark the old listing as moved.

    2 – Does the duplicate listing have an address that was never correct?

    Go into Google Maps, “Suggest an Edit,” and choose “Doesn’t exist here.”

    google local business listing optimization

    How to Merge Duplicate GMB Listings for a Service Area Business

    This is a similar process as described for storefront listings above, with a few differences.

    If both of the listings have been verified, one will need to be unverified before they can be merged. If you don’t own both of the listings, contact GMB to claim ownership of both listings and request that they be merged.
    If only one listing is verified, find the duplicate in Google Maps and “suggest an edit” as described in step two above, switch the toggle beside “Place is permanently closed” to “yes,” select “Private” as the reason.

    2. Use These Google My Business Tips to Improve Your Profile for Search

    Search is a zero-sum game. When one business pushes up in local search rankings, it’s pushing other businesses down the list. Optimizing your GMB profile gives your business an edge, helping more prospective customers find and choose your business over your competitors.

    What Does an Optimized Google Business Profile Look Like?

    If a picture is worth a thousand words, this should clearly illustrate how important it is to optimize your Google My Business listing. Which one would you want to visit? Which one feels more credible? Which one do you have more confidence in?

    how to optimize google my business

    How to Optimize Your Google Business Profile

    Now that you’ve seen the advantage of GMB SEO, (sometimes referred to as Google Map listing optimization) let’s walk through some simple steps you can take to make your business show up and shine in local search listings.

    1 – Add Photos

    Photos are the best way to give prospective customers an inside view of your business and inspire them to visit you in person.

    In addition to a cover photo and a logo, I recommend you consider adding the following types of images:

    • Exterior Photos
      Capture your storefront from different angles to make it easy for customers to recognize your business. If you’re open during both daylight and nighttime hours, upload photos of both.
    • Interior Photos
      Show searchers what it’s like inside your store. Capture the atmosphere they’ll enjoy when they visit you.
    • Product Photos
      Share photos of some of your most popular items with would-be customers.
    • Action PhotosCapture your staff interacting with your customers, providing service with a smile, or helping pick the perfect gift.
    • Food & Drink Photos
      Serve up photos that will make searchers drool over what you’re cooking up.
    • Common Areas
      Got a gorgeous lobby? Cozy couches in your bookstore? Show what it’s like to spend time at your location.
    • Team PhotosUpload pictures that highlight the personalities on your team. Photos of yourself and your staff to add a personal touch and make you feel like friends before customers even walk through your door.
    Technical Guidelines for Google My Business Photos

    Follow these simple guidelines to make sure your photos display to their best potential.

    • Format: JPG or PNG
    • Size: Between 10 KB and 5 MB
    • Minimum Resolution: 720 px x 720 px
    • Quality: All of your photos should be well lit, in focus, and filter-free.
    • File names: Photo file names are a great place to incorporate keywords relevant to your business and its location.
    Geo-Tag Your GMB Photos

    If you really want to get a leg up on the competition, go one step further and geo-tag your images. When you geo-tag your photos, you add geographical information — like latitude and longitude — to the image file’s metadata.

    Why Should You Geo-Tag Your GMB Images?

    Adding location metadata to your images helps search engines associate that photo with a specific location. Why does this matter? People often add location based keywords to their search queries, such as, “gift shop, times square,” and establishing a strong association between your business and its location will improve your visibility in local SERPs. Don’t forget that photos also show up in search results, and using a geo-tagging strategy for your images increases the likelihood that yours will top the list.

    GeoImgr is a free tool that makes it easy to upload your photos and add geotags and (and keywords!) to the files’ EXIF data. I recommend you add this location and keyword data to all of the images you share on your Google My Business profile.

    2 – Add Your Products & Services

    Adding products and services to your Google My Business profile allows you to showcase your offerings and increase customer interaction. It’s especially helpful to add products and services if the name of your business doesn’t adequately describe your offering. As far as SEO goes, this additional information gives Google more to evaluate how well your business matches search queries in your area. Learn more about how to add products and services to your Google My Business listing.

    3. Engage With Your Customers

    Now that you’ve set your GMB profile up for search success, you’re ready to get on with the work of creating a rich and engaging experience for loyal customers and customers-to-be.

    How do you do that?

    Post to your Google Business Profile

    Just like regular posting to your social media accounts keeps customers interested and engaged, posting to your GMB profile is an excellent way to keep everyone up to date on what’s going on with your business.

    How often should you post on Google My Business?

    Google My Business posts expire after seven days, so I recommend that businesses publish a post on GMB once a week. Unlike a social media feed, the goal isn’t to aggregate a collection of posts as much as it is to keep your profile fresh and updated.

    What should you post on Google My Business?

    There are essentially three types of information that are helpful for businesses to share on GMB.

    • Events – Craft night? Jazz brunch? Free makeovers?
    • Offers/Specials – Two-for-one sandwiches? Referral discounts? Sample sale?
    • Announcements – New product arrivals? Unexpected closure? Anniversary celebration?
    What Goes Into A Great GMB Post?

    Keep in mind these five things when you create a post to share on Google My Business.

    1 – Choose a post type

    See above.

    2 – Add a photo or video

    Photos should be simple, in-focus, and well-lit. Vibrant colors really jump off the page and garner attention as people scroll through local SERPs. Post photos should be at least 400 px wide by 300 px tall in a JPG or PNG format.

    Videos should be no larger than 100 MB and can be uploaded in several different formats.

    3 – Write a title

    Describe your event in 4-5 words and no more than 58 characters.

    4 – More details

    You can use up to 1,500 characters to describe your event/offer/announcement, but try to keep it between 150 & 300 characters.

    5 – Call to action

    Don’t leave people wondering what to do next. Finish your post with a clear call to action that tells them to “Learn more,” “Book now,” or “Schedule an appointment today.”

    Ask & Answer Questions

    Have you ever noticed on a certain online mega-retailer’s product pages (hint, starts with an AM and ends with a ZON) that there’s a section for questions and answers? GMB makes the same feature available to your business.

    gmb listing

    The ability to ask questions and have them answered may be the deciding factor in whether a customer chooses your business over a competitor. It’s very important to keep an eye on this section since, as you can see in the example above, anyone can answer them. As much as we love local advocates, sometimes their information might be incomplete, inaccurate, or worse, lacking the grace you might employ when interacting with potential customers.

    While there’s no way to turn off the Q&A feature of your business profile, there are a few things you can do to stay on top of what’s posted there.

    • Set up alerts. Getting notifications when someone asks a question will help you be the first one to provide an answer.
    • Seed your own Q’s to A. List out some FAQs, then ask, answer and upvote them on your own profile. Not only is this allowed by Google, they encourage it. Want to know what’s even better? Keep your keyword strategy in mind when asking and answering questions. (No keyword stuffing, please.)

    Get Google Reviews for Your Business

    Google’s official stance on responding to reviews is that businesses should…

    “Interact with customers by responding to reviews that they leave about your business. Responding to reviews shows that you value your customers and the feedback that they leave about your business.”

    Google goes on to say…

    “High-quality, positive reviews from your customers will improve your business’s visibility and increase the likelihood that a potential customer will visit your location.”

    Responding to both positive and negative reviews builds trust with your customers and with Google. Because Google wants to recommend the most credible businesses to its customers, they put a lot of stock in business owners who go above and beyond to interact with feedback publicly.

    Build a Review Response Strategy

    When someone leaves a review for your business, don’t leave them waiting for a response. Having a response plan in place helps you respond quickly and graciously.

    google map listing optimization

    How to Respond to Positive Reviews
    • Say thank you! Show your appreciation that they took the time to leave you a kind review.
    • Be specific. A generic response is better than no response, but a response that touches on something the customer specifically said in their review helps them feel heard and appreciated.
    • Invite them to come back. Show gratitude for their support and let them know that you’re looking forward to serving them (and their friends!) again.
    How to Respond to Negative Reviews
    • Apologize and thank them for their feedback. Negative feedback is an opportunity to do things better. Sincerely thank them for their input and let them know you’ve heard them.
    • Be gracious. This is a public conversation. Being defensive is going to reflect badly on your customer service skills. Don’t argue with customers or blame them for the situation.
    • Take the conversation offline. Publicly thank them for their feedback and let them know that you’re going to reach out to them directly to resolve the issue. Don’t immediately reach out with a direct response. If you do, the rest of the world thinks you’re ignoring their complaint.
    • Keep it short and sweet. There’s no need for a long-winded response. Be polite and concise.

    Set Up Messaging

    The Google My Business messaging feature allows searchers to send a text message directly to your phone from your business profile. This is a great way to demonstrate your responsiveness and commitment to customer service. You can enable messaging from your Google My Business dashboard. Read guidelines for using the messaging feature.

    4. Monitor Your Results

    Keep in mind that there’s no magic formula to optimize your Google My Business profile. As with every other one of your marketing efforts, it’s essential to continually evaluate your results, experiment with new ways to stay top of mind with your customers, and reestablish your position at the top of local search results.

    How to Maintain Your Google My Business Search Optimized Profile

    You’ve probably concluded by now that Google local business listing optimization isn’t a one-and-done task. It’s an ongoing part of your local marketing strategy that requires upkeep to continue reaping maximal benefits from it.

    Make sure you have a plan to:

    • Update information regularly
    • Publish posts and upload photos every week.
    • Ask for reviews and respond to them.
    • Answer questions.
    • Respond to messages.
    • Keep current with new features.

    As with any other part of your on-page or off-page SEO strategy, your Google My Business strategy should begin and end with bringing value to existing and prospective customers. It’s Google’s mission to connect searchers to the best solutions to their needs through detailed and credible information. Everything you do to make it easier for Google to find that information and trust it will ultimately serve your business and customers.

    Need help?

    Even though Google My Business optimization isn’t difficult, it does take time, and many businesses opt to bring in an SEO agency to support them with local SEO services. If you do bring in help, I have a step-by-step guide that will show you how to add a new user to Google My Business.

    If you’re not sure if working with an SEO agency is right for you, reach out, and we’ll talk about how our SEO services can help your business get the attention it deserves.

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